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Friday, March 5, 2010

How To Avoid A Bear Attack

A bear attack is one of those things everyone thinks cannot happen to them. But with so many people, and fewer places for bears, conflicts are inevitable. Find out below how to avoid being attacked by a bear and avoid being a story on the evening news. (if you’re not worried about bear attacks, read this post)
Bear Attack

Know Your Bears

The first and most crucial thing to know about bears is that they all have different characteristics. Bears in general are extremely intelligent animals, each with their own unique personality. Since each bear is different, the way a bear reacts in any situation will also be different. The key things to remember about bears is that if you avoid them and keep your distance, you will likely walk away from the situation.

Black Bear

The Black bear, while dangerous is the least aggressive of the bears. Black bears tend to be more reclusive and less threatened by the presence of humans even when protecting their cubs. While Black bears are more statistically likely to attack than other breeds, the cause is likely due to their enormous population compared to other bears. In North America there are over 500,000 Black bears compared to around 75,000 Grizzlies.
Black Bear
Adult female: 220 lbs
Adult males: 400 lbs
Signs of Aggression: Swatting the ground or objects, chattering teeth, loud blowing noises
*Note* Black bears will often stand on their hind legs, not as an intention of attack but simply to see and smell better. Popout

Brown Bear

Also known as the Kodiak bear, the Brown bear is one big animal (the biggest sub species of Brown bear). Some have been weighed at over 1500 lbs. Kodiak bears are generally shy and reclusive, but can become extremely aggressive if surprised or threatened.
Adult female: 500 – 700 lbs
Adult males: 800 – 1400 lbs
Signs of aggression: Ears back, foam at the mouth

Grizzly Bear

The Grizzly bear is known as the most aggressive of the bear species. Unlike with the Brown bear, climbing a tree will not help you escape from a angry Grizzly. The female Grizzly is particularly dangerous, being responsible for over 70% of fatal human injuries.
Grizzly Bears

Adult female: 300lbs
Adult males: 600 – 800 lbs
Signs of aggression: Ears back, foam at the mouth

Polar Bear

Polar bears are fierce and stealthy hunters. They can kill any animal they choose and are by no means afraid of humans. What makes the polar bear particularly dangerous is that when it decides to kill it uses stealth until the very last second, when it’s too late. Despite their expert killing skills, the Polar bear generally avoids humans and are so few in number in that attacks in the wild are rare.
Polar Bear
Adult female: 500-600 lbs
Adult males: 500-1000 lbs

Avoiding Bears

Be Loud

Despite the false rumors, bears are typically not out looking for humans to eat and in fact are often frightened by human activities in or around their natural habitat. Being loud BEFORE you see a bear is one of the best ways to avoid the bears. However, if you find yourself in a situation where you are face to face to with a threatening bear this rule does not apply. Talk loudly, scream, shout and use your bear bells to make as much noise as possible. You can also raise both your arms in air and try to make yourself look large and threatening, in an effort to scare the animal away. It is always best to try to avoid contact if in any way possible.

Know The Area

The easiest way to avoid bears is to be knowledgeable of your area and avoid areas known to be heavily populated with bears. Look for trees with large chunks of bark missing since bears will often mark their territories by rubbing on tress. Another sign of a bear is large holes which are dug during hunting.

Avoid Food Items That Attract Bears

Meat items are especially attractive to bears, but avoids sweets, candy and junk food as well.  The best foods are those that carry little odor.

Keep Your Distance

If you see a bear from a far, be sure to sotp approaching the bear. Do not run away, but slowly retreat from the area.

Avoiding Hunting Areas

Partially eaten/decomposed animals may be a current source of food for a bear so don’t make camp near any.

Avoid dark areas

Don’t explore dark caves or hollowed logs, these are often used as dens by bears


Bear Bells

Bear bells make a lot of noise, which helps prevent surprise encounters with a bear.

Bear Mace (pepper spray)

Bear spray has been shown to be effective in repelling bears 97% of the time. Guns worked successfully only 67% of the time.
Bear Spray

Odor Proof Bags

Odor proof bags can prevent those tasty smells from reaching the bear. Bears have a sense of smell four times that of the average dog and can smell for miles away.

Odor Proof Bags

Bear Bag

A bear bag is a great way to keep your food away from your tent and away from bears. If a bear does becomes attracted to your food, he will not be inside your tent or car looking for it.
How to hang your bear bag
(click for a larger image)
Bear Bag
(thanks to Allen and Mike’s Really Cool Backpackin’ Book: Traveling & camping skills for a wilderness environment
for the diagram)

Simple Net

- A simple net and rope can create a decent bear bag.



Feather River

Gun – A gun significantly increases your chance of surviving and deterring a bear attack. A loud gun would be better for scaring bears.
More Resources

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